Technical and Economic Analysis of Kangal Shepherd Dog Breeding Farms

Hakan Murat, Mustafa Kockaya, Yusuf Ozsensoy


This study was carried out to determine the unit production costs and profitability of the farms which are breading and selling Kangal Shepherd dogs in Sivas Province, Turkey. The material of the study was the data from 2018 year which was obtained from 3 farms selected from 9 kangal shepherd dog breeding farms in Sivas province of Turkey. As for the scale of farms, which has 0-30 head dogs are defined as small-scale, 31-50 heads dogs are medium-sized and over 51 heads dogs are defined as large-scale farms. As a result of the study, it has been determined that there are differences in the expense items that constitute the cost in the farms. The obtained data were analyzed using Excel program. Feed is the biggest expense item in large scale farm with 40.80%, this rate while in the other two farms (medium and small scale), 37.15% and 47.20% respectively. When the expenses in large-scale farm are examined, the first five ranking are 40.80% for feed, 21% for labor, 8.74% for fuel, 7.77% for building maintenance and repair and 4.37% for the loan. This ranking is to the medium scale farm; Labor force with 37.15%, feed with 24.49%, fuel with 8.16%, loan with 6.80% of the borrower and 6.80% of the building maintenance repairs. And this ranking is to the small scale farm; labor force accounts for 47.20%, 10.89% health care expenses, 8.47% fuel costs, 7.26% feed depletion and 7.26% for the credit of the operator. When the technical parameters were examined, the average age of swarms was found to be 3.4, the average age of reforming was 8.8, the average number of born puppies was 4.9, the percentage of pregnancy was 60.53%, and the rate of the dead puppies was 24.5%. When the profitability ratio is examined, the average financial profitability is -0.37. Economic rantability is -8.31, -54.57, -32.49 for large, medium and small scale enterprises, respectively. The average cost-to-revenue ratio was 0.69. In conclusion, it was determined that farms breeding and selling Kangal shepherd dogs in Sivas province did not work profitably. Finding of this study were presented as an oral presentation at the "III. Congress of National Livestocks Economics" in Antalya, 2018.

Key words: Kangal shepherd dog, Economic analysis, Cost, Profitability

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702