Influence of Perceived Organizational Support and Self-Efficacy on Burnout

Ifeanyichukwu Chukwudi Eze


This research investigates the influence of perceived organizational support and self-efficacy on burnout.  A total number of 209 Nurses responded to the questionnaires. The participants were all nurses in Federal Medical Centre Umuahia who willingly choose to participate in the study. These participants were made up of 207 female and 2 male nurses from the hospital. 152 are married while 57 are unmarried. Their ages ranged from 20 years to 52 years. 20-30 years (23.45%), 31-41 years (30.62%) and 42-52 years (45.93%). The mean age and standard deviation of the participants are (M=38.47, SD = 8.62). Three instruments were used in the research for data collection. 1) Perceived organizational support (POS) scale developed by Eisenberger, Huntington, Hutchison and Sowa (1986). 2) General self-efficacy scale developed by Jerusalem and Schwartz (1989). 3) Maslach burnout inventory by Maslach and Jackson (1986). A cross-sectional survey design was employed in the study and a two-way analysis of variance was used to test the hypotheses. Results show that Nurses with low organizational support experience high level of burnout than those with high organizational support. In other words, perceived organizational support significantly influence burnout among Nurses, while self-efficacy does not significantly influence burnout among Nurses. There is a slight difference in burnout between Nurses with low self-efficacy and those with high self-efficacy. Having realized that organizational support is a strong factor of influence on burnout among Nurses, it is imperative that organizational support is highly encouraged within the health profession and other organizations or sectors in the country.

Keywords: Organizational Support, Self-efficacy, Burnout.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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