Antonio Gramsci’s Political Thought: An Analysis

Md. Al-Amin, Md. Masum Sikdar


This essay intended to demonstrate the greatest Neo-Marxist political theorist Antonio Gramsci’s political thought. In the very beginning it discussed about his primary socialization because of every man’s thinking depends on his early life and his surrounding environment and then tried to focuses on his political thought. At first I tried to concentrate on his idea of hegemony. According to him, hegemony is a cultural process by which one class dominates the other. Thus the dominators keep on practicing power and the ruled obey them. Simply it means to put something into the ear of the commoners and make them believe in it. After discussing about hegemony it delt with his concept of ‘Intellectual class’, ‘education’, ‘philosophy and history’ and lastly ‘philosopher’. All of these cocepts he gave for the sake of subaltern(proletariat) class and their freedom from bourgeois suppression.

Keywords: Hegemony, Bourgeois, Proletariat, Subaltern, Praxis, Dominance, Political Society, Civil Society, Intellectual, Education, Philosophy, History and Philosopher

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