The Theses and Antitheses of Anoole Statue in the Ethiopian Polity

Mulualem Daba Tola


Statues play great role to transfer history from one generation to next generation. In Ethiopia, several statues have been constructed based on internal and external war histories. Historians usually wrote external war histories in which one country fought with another country or external power more or less in similar ways.  On the histories of civil war, however, historians sometimes wrote either supporting or opposing, its good or bad side of the civil war. The narratives of civil war histories have been also reproduced by the victim and perpetrator side at different focal points. Accordingly, Anoole statue was constructed based on civil war history happened during the monarchical regime in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study is to examine the theses and antitheses narratives of Anoole statue in the Ethiopian polity.  In-depth interview and document analysis are employed as means to generate data. The in-depth interview is held with professionals who have an opposite argument on the narratives of Anoole statue from academic arena (History, Political Science and Fine Art), and political sphere (Blue party, AEUP and OPDO). Three from Academics and three from political sphere in general six professionals are interviewed.  Besides, four nongovernment magazines (Konjo, Addis Guday, Jano and Lomi) which gave high coverage for the issue of Anoole statue, and document of Oromia Culture and Tourism Bureau which take the initiation of Anoole statue construction are selected for analysis. The collected data are analyzed qualitatively and the result of the study reveals that the main theses and antitheses of Anoole statue emphasize on its history that related to power and design. The study makes suggestions as to how these contradictory narratives about Anoole statue could be reconciled and they way statues based civil war histories as a commemorative text might be constructed a way that might reduce tensions among different groups.

Keywords: Anoole, Civil War, History, Magazine, Statue

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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