The Influence of Industrial Area Existence towards Community Behavior in Space Utilization at Gresik, Indonesia

Titik Poerwati, Ardiyanto Maksimilianus Gai


The existence of industry in certain region either in large industrial scale or small industrial scale will give influence and bring changes to the socio-economic conditions of surrounding community. Gresik Regency is one of regencies considered as sub-center of development in the concept of Gerbangkertosusila, and the one which takes the role as one of the centers in industrial activity, not only in national scale but also international scale. This study was aimed to identify the influence of industrial area existence toward community behavior in space utilization at Gresik. The methods of the analysis associated with the target of the study were qualitative descriptive method, and quantitative descriptive method using Chi-square test and behavioral mapping. The analysis of the study revealed that there was a positive influence in which the quality of life was improved by taking an opportunity as labors or by starting business; the influence was also found in a form of community space utilization where every individual needs it in order to interact with the surrounding environment because of the simultaneous difference in the process of individual assessment so that there was a difference between the character of industrial community and non-industrial community. Secondly, industrial development inflicts a tendency to use the opportunity by becoming factory employees and by starting trading business such as food and beverage, rented house business for those who had not been married yet or even for married employees, hence, the income from the well-managed business sectors was raised. For the surrounding community, the industrial areas significantly increased from the previous condition. Furthermore, the other influence of the industry existence involved an interaction between individuals in a certain community by following several activities which were necessary to do. Lastly, the tendency of space utilization for industrial community and non industrial community was nearly same either in monthly events or yearly events, yet the difference was only additional activities beyond the job as industrial employees.

Keywords:  Industrial area, Influence, Behavior, Space Utilization

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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