Democracy: A form of Government or a Human instinct?

Rana Eijaz Ahmad


This paper deals with the question that is democracy a form of government? or it is a human instinct that usually lures individuals to attain self seeking interests. Democracy is an instinct rather a form of government.  It is an inborn capability in the individual to respond in the prevailing circumstances according to his heart. It originates with the birth of Homo sapiens. For example Adam was prohibited for eating a seed but he ate that for his pleasure and fulfilled the desire. Human beings do have three types of conscious, Nafs-i-Ammara, (Idd, Sygmond Fried called it Libido) Nafs-i-Lawama, (Ego) and Nafs-i-Mutmainna. Therefore, in a society the individuals who are dominated by their instinct of Nafs-i-Mutmainna are involved in such activities that are for the good of human beings. If they are ruled by Nafs-i-Ammara or Nafs-i-Lawama, they may pursue their self seeking interests and pleasures or became selective respectively. Adam was dominated with his Nafs-i-Ammara at the time of pursuing his self seeking interest and ate that seed that was prohibited. This research is based on empirical and qualitative methods.

Key Words: Democracy, ego, human instinct, capitalism, socialism

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