Socio-Economic Aspects of Sustainable Ecotourism Development: The Case of Kerala

D. Rajasenan, Varghese Manaloor, Bijith George Abraham


The paper is an attempt to shed light on the socio-economic aspects of the local communities on the development of ecotourism in Kerala. Most of the local communities in the ecotourism destinations are tribes who have been excluded from the mainstream society and are not a part of Kerala’s overall development setting. The paper also tries to situate the community perception on the sustainable livelihood of ecotourism sites of Kerala. Data for the study is obtained from a primary survey by dividing the ecotourism destinations in Kerala into three zones, 230 from south zone, 220 from central zone  and 200 from north zone  with a total sample size of 650 based on the notion of community based ecotourism initiatives of the state. The result of the study confirms that ecotourism has helped to enhance the livelihood of the marginalized community. With well-knit policies it is possible to tag ecotourism of Kerala as an important tourism destination in the global tourism map.

Key Words: Perception, Livelihood, Marginalized community, Community based Ecotourism, Sustainability

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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