Unrealistic Optimism Among a Sample of University Students in Egypt and Saudi Arabia (Cross-cultural Study)

Mokhtar Ahmad Al–Kayal, Mohammad Ismail Sayed Hemeda, Mohammad Ali Haiba, Walid Hassan Ashour El Khateeb


The present study considered as cross-cultural study attempts to examine the psychometric properties of unrealistic optimism in light of the scale used in the study for Egyptian and Saudi Arabia university students and Is the measurement equivalent of the scale terms for Egyptian and Saudi Arabia university students? . A total of (336) male students from university in Egypt and in Saudi Arabia from different specialties completed the scale of unrealistic optimism (prepared by the researchers), Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) is used. The results indicate that the structure of model of unrealistic optimism is fit and the scale has appropriate psychometric properties. And the result indicate that the unrealistic optimism scale  have the same structure in Egypt and Saudi Arabia , that means the factorial invariance of unrealistic optimism in Egypt and Saudi Arabia .

Keywords: Unrealistic optimism, Reliability, Construct validity, Cultural differences.

DOI: 10.7176/RHSS/9-24-12

Publication date: December 31st 2019


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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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