Effectiveness of a Program Based on Instructional Trip on Developing Some Thinking Skills among Elementary Children with Learning Difficulty

Abdallah Makhadmah


The purpose of the present study was to identify the effectiveness of a program based on instruction trip on developing some thinking skills among elementary children with learning difficulties. A quasi experimental research design was used due to appropriateness with the nature of this study. Participants were (60) students assigned to experimental (n=30) and control groups (n=30). The instruments were tested for validity and reliability and applied to analyze data. Results showed differences between the experimental and control groups on posttest measurement with differences being in favor of the experimental group. Similarly, there were differences between pretest and posttest measurements for both groups on developing some thinking skills where t value was (7.306 and 3.08) for the experimental and control groups respectively and statistically significant at (0.000) level in favor of posttest measurement. As for the program based on instructional trip used to develop some thinking skills, results demonstrated differences by group at significance level (0.000) in favor of the experimental group; and no differences in developing some thinking skills on covariate posttest measurement (0.691), confirming equivalence between both groups on posttest measurement.

Keywords: training program, instructional trip, thinking skills

DOI: 10.7176/RHSS/10-14-05

Publication date:July 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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