Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease in Relatives of Hemodialysis Patients

Jocélia Martins Cavalcante Dantas, Adriana Sousa Rêgo, Antônio Dantas Silva Júnior, José Márcio Soares Leite, Wellyson da Cunha Araújo Firmo, Marcos Antônio Barbosa Pacheco, Janaina Maiana Abreu Barbosa, Flor de Maria Araújo Mendonça Silva


Objective: To estimate the prevalence and socioeconomic characteristics of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in first and second-degree relatives of patients on hemodialysis Method: A questionnaire was applied on socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle, and personal pathological background. The formula of CKD-EPI and/or proteinuria greater than or equal to 1+ was used to characterize CKD. Analysis using the logistic regression model. Results: 408 individuals were evaluated and 12% had CKD. 6.61% had a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≤ 60 mL / min / 1.73 m2 and 5.39% proteinuria in the urine. The variables associated with the presence of CKD were age (OR = 1,60; 95% IC = 1,31-1,96), PAS (OR: 1,69; 95% IC: 1,24-2,28), PAD (OR: 1,52; 95% IC: 1,18- 1,96) and blood glucose (OR: 2,03; 95% IC: 1,38-2,99). Conclusion: It is necessary to implement routines for systematic evaluation that prevent or delay the loss of renal function, in addition to measures that improve the pre-dialysis clinical conditions of this population.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, Family, Glomerular filtration rate.

DOI: 10.7176/RHSS/11-10-06

Publication date:May 31st 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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