Strategic planning for sustainable development of suburban communities with the participatory approach (emphasis on environmental and physical assessment): The Case of Shahriar City

Nasrin Rastinifard, Narges Fakhri Mastanabad, Mahmoud Jomehpour


One of the critical challenges facing most of today's suburban communities is the lack of physical and environmental assessments, which leads to unplanned growth. The present study aims to identify and address the physical and environmental problems in Shahriar City, a suburban area grappling with environmental degradation. A participatory methodology has been adapted, focusing on the most critical issues identified through participatory rural appraisal (PRA). In suburban communities such as Shahriar, an emphasis on community participation can be highly beneficial, and the involvement of local residents can be facilitated through collaboration with non-governmental organisations (NGOs), which commonly employ PRA. The results indicate that the most effective strategy for this city involves addressing threats and weaknesses, utilising the city's location appropriately, and enhancing the overall quality of life. These strategies are identified as crucial based on external factors. Additionally, the horizontal expansion of urban construction and the intensification of environmental challenges, such as drought and the depletion of groundwater aquifers, along with the clearing of natural lands, emerge as the most pressing problems.

Keywords: participatory planning, physical and environmental dimension, suburban communities, sustainable development, Shahriar City

DOI: 10.7176/RHSS/13-19-06

Publication date: December 31st 2023

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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