Obstetrical Ultrasound Examination And Biochemical Markers As Contemporary Tool Assessment For Fetal Anomalies In Albania

Rustem Celami


Obstetrical ultrasound screening has taken a principal role nowadays in obstetrics and gynecology practice. It has captured in a way even medical professionals’ thoughts besides general population attention of having done such examination. With the revolutionary progress of technology the ultrasound machine itself offers tremendously stunning images from two dimensional, three dimensional and now has become routine even four dimensional ultrasound examination, bringing clinical practice to a level of excellence patient care delivery.

The obstetrical clinical practice in Albania, pregnant women are suggested routinely the combination of obstetrical ultrasound examination with biochemical markers. A nuchal translucency (NT) more than 3 mm is associated with an increased risk of structural fetal abnormalities, fetal heart abnormalities, subsequent pregnancy loss, and other. Double, triple and quadruple test are accessibility and commonly biochemical markers done as complementary tests to ultrasound screen in early detection fetal anomalies in our clinical practice.

In conclusion, nowadays medical practice in obstetrics and gynecology has adopted the classic and modern aspects in order to offer a superior care to patients. The application of up to date technology in medicine such as obstetrical ultrasound examination and laboratory tests combined with permanent professionals’ continuing education offer a better not to say a gold standard assessment tool of probably diagnosis. Patients need to be counseled about the positive and negative findings that ultrasound and laboratory tests may reveal so they are prepared for unexpected pregnancy knowledge and the possibility of further testing options being offered. Consequently, a well organized national health care with a universal medical services proper training and employ of assets sustain our mother and child care service to western standards.

Keywords: Obstetrical ultrasound screening, biochemical markers, structural fetal abnormalities

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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