Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Promising Molecular Diagnostic Tool for Application in Developing Countries

Tibebu Markos


Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP), through its uniqueness has provided the world with a great molecular diagnostic tool. This innovative gene amplification technique, amplifies nucleic acid at a very rapid pace, maintaining high sensitivity, specificity and efficiency. The most innovative features of LAMP, is the simplicity of its protocol, and overall low cost of application. The demerits include highly technical and cumbersome primer design protocol, and relative scarcity of some materials needed for the technique. The standout features however, ranges from the strand displacement activity of the Bst and Bsm polymerase enzymes, to its ability to amplify gene in an unprocessed samples. The PCR and other several pre-existing techniques, has contributed immensely in disease diagnosis and molecular biology at large. However, their use in molecular diagnostics is mostly limited to highly resourced establishment, leaving the low resourced settings with little or no hope. The cheapness and user-friendliness of LAMP amongst other advantages made it an ideal diagnostic tool that provides solution to the odds of PCR and its likes. The outstanding qualities displayed by LAMP in various researches, have led to several modifications in the technique. Presently several forms of LAMP kits, such as lyophilized LAMP Kit, electric LAMP device (eLAMP), and combined use of LAMP and Lateral Flow Assay (LFA), have been adopted for diagnosis of many pathogens. This paper provides a brief description of the LAMP assay Vis avis its comparative advantage and its potential application in resource.

Keywords: Developing Countries, Disease Diagnosis, Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP). Limited countries and under field conditions.

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email: ALST@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

Please add our address "contact@iiste.org" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright © www.iiste.org