Review on Application of Genetic Engineering to Crop Improvement and Its Perceptions in Ethiopia

Getahun Bekana


Genetic engineering, also known as genetic modification, is the process of manually adding new DNA to an organism. The goal is to add one or more new traits that are not already found in that organism. An organism that is generated through genetic engineering is considered to be a genetically modified organism (GMO). Recombinant technology is helpful in solving the agricultural problems arising due to biotic and abiotic stresses. Cognizant of this potential, the Ethiopian government has made significant investment in modern biotechnology capacity building and the parliament also amends GMO law to allow Ethiopian research partnerships initially on non-edible items that was previously said to be stringent. After many years of fighting against the technology, Ethiopia is poised to become one of the few African countries to commercialize and produce at least one genetically-engineered crop.

Keywords: Genetic, Resistant, Transgenic and Engineering

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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