Patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome undergoing Non-Cardiac Surgery. Perioperative Management

Merita Zeka, Marsela Goga, Saimir Kuci, Alfred Ibrahimi, Ervin Bejko, Krenar Lilaj


Background: Perioperative management of patients with preexcitation may become quite challenging, especially if there is no time for adequate preoperative investigation and clinical optimization, as in emergencies, or even worse, in undiagnosed cases. It is possible that the poorly controlled or unknown underlying electrophysiological abnormality will become unmasked during anesthesia and surgery, giving rise to potentially life-threatening arrhythmias.

In the literature, pre-excitation syndromes have been mainly approached from the view of the disease (i.e., presentation, diagnosis, treatment), while anesthetic data are scarce. This case report aims to focus on the perioperative management of patients with WpW.

Conclusion; Managing such cases provides an opportunity to revisit important considerations on Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome avoiding neuromuscular blockers may make a difference in avoiding arrhythmias when laryngeal mask airway / general anesthesia is required in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. sympathetic stimulation should be avoided as it may shorten the refractory period of ap and alleviate life-threatening arrhythmias.

Keywords: WpW, arrhythmias, bundle of Kent, anesthesia

DOI: 10.7176/ALST/95-03

Publication date: November 30th 2022


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