Preparation of Standard Source as a Petri Dish for Plant by Using 152Eu Element

Khalid H. AL-Ubaidi, Salam K. AL-Nasri, Auday T. AL-Bayati


Observed in the recent period, there is an urgent need to a prepare standard sources can be adopted in the research Iraqi universities and scientific Institutions, whether if these measurements for large sizes samples such as  Marinelli beaker , or small sizes such as a petri dish and the latter was not available as standard sources, which was the purpose of this work to prepare standard source with size of a petri dish for  plants  using 152Eu Isotope , that can be adopted in the experimental measurements.The prepared sample was measured in the first lab ( Department of physics/ college of education for pure science/Ibn Al-Haitham/University of Baghdad) and the second lab (Central Laboratories Directorate / nuclear research center at Tuwaitha) by using Gamma spectroscopy system with a high-purity germanium detector (HPGe). The specific activity of the prepared standard sample was calculated using an efficiency curve , which drawn by using the Monte Carlo Program . The results of the specific activity are equal to (1167.610Bq/kg) in first lab and (1081.94 Bq/kg) in second lab. It was noted there is good agreement between the results in the first and second lab, so the overall average of the specific activity adopted  was equal to (1124.7 Bq / kg)From this work, we can use this source to calculate the radioactivity for other radionuclide in small samples (plants), which is difficult to obtained in large quantities, through a calibration  spectrum for efficiency and energy of this prepared source.

Keywords: petri dish, prepare standard source, Gamma spectroscopy, activity, HPGe,  Plant.

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