Automatic Road Extractions from High Resolution Satellite Imagery Using Road Intersection Model in Urban Areas

Boshir Ahmed, Md. Fayzur Rahman


This paper proposes intersection model and strategy for road extraction from high resolution satellite images. Satellite images are rich in information. For Geographic Information System (GIS), many features require fast and reliable extraction of roads and intersections. They are also complex to analyze. Satellite image provides useful data that is extracted from satellite image of the urban area. Automatic extraction of the road intersections from the urban areas has been a challenging topic because the high resolution satellite images contain multiple layers that represent roads, buildings, and other high density objects. Our goals is to automatically separate the road layer from the other layers then extract the road intersections. Usually traditional image processing methods don't achieve satisfied performance in case of satellite images. This paper proposes a modified and a cost effective method for road extraction from high resolution satellites images. In order to find the precise road intersection of urban areas we have divided whole process into two sequential modules: first, extraction of road line using different Morphological direction filtering to automatically eliminate the other layers from road layer and finally, extraction of road intersections to determine the road orientation and interconnectivity. We applied this method to a set of randomly selected high resolution satellite image from urban and semi urban areas and the correctness of road network extraction reaches 95.71%, significantly higher than those of other existing road extraction methods.

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