An Overview of the Health Risks and Safety in Nursing in Emergency Installations

Iva Widyanti, Tjipto Suwandi, Hari Basuki N


Work Safety is a safety condition that is free from the risk of workplace accidents that covers workplace conditions, equipment, and workers. Nurses are medical workers that many have the potential physical hazards, ergonomics, biology, chemistry, psychosocial that can lead to illness or accidents. Risk management AS / NZS 4360/2004 are used to prevent the occurrence of adverse events (accidents or contracting the disease). Implementation of nursing activities on nurses in the ER RSU as research objects. This study aims to find the root causes of accidents by analyzing the human element, methods, machines, materials, costs and environmental (5M + 1E) using Root Cause Analysis (RCA). Research with 24 respondents have a semi-quantitative research with cross sectional study design. The results of hazard identification and risk by the method of Job Safety Analysis (JSA) acquired 33 risks that could threaten the safety of nurses. Conclusion: The human factor becomes dominant underlying cause, such as fatigue due to working shifts, lack of resources nurses, lack of adherence to standard operating procedures (SOP), and lack of awareness on the implementation of HSE nurses in the workplace. Safety risk control and commitment nurses make risk management program run HSE as a recommendation to minimize workplace accidents in the ER nurse.

Keywords: risk, work accidents, emergency room, nurse

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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