Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Lower Niger Basin in Nigeria

Itolima Ologhadien


The objective of this paper is to investigate the temporal trends of streamflow in the Lower Niger River Basin in Nigeria using Mann – Kendall (MK), Spearman’ rho (SP) and Thiel – Sen (TSA) non parametric tests at 5%  of significant level. The effect of auto – correlation in the time series was eliminated using a Trend Free Pre – whitening (TFPW) approach .The results obtained show negative trends in annual maximum series and  both deceasing and increasing trends in annual minimum series. The estimated slopes range -354.94£b£ -52.62m3/s/year and -0.92£b≤ 30m3/s/year for annual maximum and minimum series respectively. Both MK and SP tests showed consistent performance and ability in detection of trends at 5% significant level. The negative trends in streamflow combined with simultaneous decrease in rainfall and increase in air temperature are plausible evidence of climate change. Also, positive correlation between freshwater discharge and salinity intrusion into River Niger was observed. The combined effect of streamflow reduction and salinity intrusion will impact adversely on the agricultural potentials, water quality status and vegetation of the Lower Niger River Basin. Finally, this study recommends against construction of new reservoirs as this will exacerbate the observed negative trends, leading to unsustainable development.

Keywords: Trend analysis, Climate change, Nigeria, Salinity intrusion, Mann – Kendall and Thiel – Sen Estimator.

DOI: 10.7176/CER/11-4-02

Publication date:May 31st 2019

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©