Engineering Properties of Polyethylene Terephthalate Fibre Reinforced Concrete with Fly Ash as a Partial Cement Replacement

Rebecca Belay Kassa, Christopher Kanali, Nathaniel Ambassah


This research is funded by African Union Commission (AUC) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)


Although concrete has good qualities that make it suitable for a wide range of applications in the construction industry, it also has undesirable properties; one of which is its low tensile strength. Numerous studies are being carried out to improve the undesirable features of concrete by using substitute materials such as industrial, manufacturing, agricultural as well as domestic wastes. In Africa, there is a pressing need for reusing and recycling waste materials. Following the extensive use of concrete in the vast construction industry, the incorporation of wastes like Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) bottles and fly ash to improve its quality is a sensible intervention. PET bottles, used for packaging of beverages, and fly ash, generated during the combustion of coal, are causing severe environmental degradation. This study evaluated the effects of using PET fibres and fly ash on the performance of concrete. PET fibres with an aspect ratio of 50 (100mm length and 2mm width) were incorporated in the concrete mix at percentages of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% by weight of cement. On the other hand, fly ash was introduced as a cement replacement at percentages of 20, 22.5, 25, 27.5 and 30% by weight of cement. The performance of the modified concrete was evaluated based on workability, compressive strength, and splitting tensile strength. The combination of 1.5% PET fibres and 27.5% fly ash resulted in 33.45% tensile strength improvements, while keeping the workability and compressive strength unaffected.

Keywords: Concrete, polyethylene terephthalate; fly ash; ordinary Portland cement; aggregates; workability; compressive strength; splitting tensile strength; aspect ratio

DOI: 10.7176/CER/11-6-05

Publication date:July 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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