Spatial variation of coda wave attenuation in the AL Hoceima region (Earthquakes of 24 Frebruary 2004), Morocco

Abderrahim Boulanouar, Mimoun Harnafi, Lahcen El Moudnib, Abdelaali Rahmouni, Mohamed Boukalouch, Jamal Sebbani


On 24th February 2004 a significant earthquake (Md = 6.4) occurred in the north of Morocco causing great damage in the vicinity of Al Hoceima region. This area is characterized by a complex faulting system as a result of compressional tectonic forces. Three short period stations are set in this area of interest and recordings from these stations were used in this study. In order to complete our knowledge of attenuation, 60 local earthquakes are recorded a few days after the great earthquake with magnitude Ml 2.6-5.0 to estimate seismic attenuation. For this purpose, we applied the single backscattering model of Aki & Chouet 1975 in the frequency range for 1 to 4 Hz. The study of coda waves was limited to a relatively short lapse time (10 Seconds) in order to sample the earth’s crust only .The values of Qc estimated for all the three stations show a strong frequency dependent relationship of the form Qc=Q0fn, where Q0 is Qc at 1Hz , and n represents the degree of frequency dependence , and reflect the level of crustal heterogeneities to varying degrees. The average frequency dependent attenuation relationship has been obtained which indicates that the attenuation is high in this region. Finally to conclude our work, the values of Q0 suggest that Al Hoceima area is highly heterogeneous and the n parameter indicates a meaning frequency dependence of Qc.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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