Fatty Acid Composition and Physicochemical Properties of Castor ( Ricinus Communis L. ) Seed Obtained from Malete, Moro Local Government Area, Kwara State. Nigeria.

Adebayo Tajudeen Bale, Rofiat Tosin Adebayo, Damilola Tope Ogundele, Victoria Tosin Bodunde


The oil of the Ricinus communis L. seed was extracted by soxhlet method using N-hexane.The physicochemical characteristics of the castor oil were evaluated. The results showed that the castor seeds contain a relatively high percentage of total lipids content ; 47.8 % ,  iodine value ( 1.061 g/g ) , and saponification value ( 327.4 g/g ). The seed oil moisture content , acid value , density and free fatty acid ( % FFA ) were 0.3 % , 14.42 mg/g , 880 g/cm3 and 7.21 % , respectively.

Keywords : Physicochemical properties ; Ricinus communis L ; Soxhlet method ; N-hexane ; Free fatty acid ; saponification value

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3224 ISSN (Online)2225-0956

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