The Relationship Between Population and Economic Development: Evidence from Little Country’s (Ethiopia, Uganda, Pakistan and China)

Israel Bereket


The relationship between population growth and economic development has been a topic under debate for a long time. The relationship between population growth and economic development can be measured by looking at the impact of population growth on economic development and vice-versa. The relationship between population and economic development has recently spawned a large number of empirical studies, with remarkably mixed result. While many studies argue that population growth impedes economic development, others contend that the economic effects of population are rather simulative and some maintain that the two variables are not related at all. So this paper tried to put some comparison between the variable in terms of graph, by taking four country Ethiopia, Uganda, Pakistan and China as example; when I come to my conclusion the impact of population growth on economic development is different in the varying economies. When in developed countries, population growth helped to increase the Gross National Product, in developing countries the reverse is the case. So that I support the view that population is not the real problem, since there is proper policy that can create opportunity for the growing population, the high population to become relevant. However if the concerned body if fail to manipulate especially with regards to Less Developed Countries it become treat and challenge for the economic development of that country and the also high population cannot foster the economy when the largest portion is poor. Moreover it may bring different problem like continuously increasing dependency ratio, increase migration, unemployment, tends to lower man-land and man-resource proportions, can also increase the problems of inequalities in income distribution and generally it create poverty.

Keywords: Population Growth, and Economic Development

DOI: 10.7176/DCS/10-7-01

Publication date:July 31st 2020


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