On Farm Partial Budget Analysis of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Cultivars for Dry Pod to the Application of Blended Fertilizer and Urea Rates in Raya Azebo District, Northern Ethiopia

Wakuma Biratu


The experiment was conducted to draw information on the economic feasibility of the application of blended fertilizer and urea rates on hot pepper cultivars (Melka Awaze and Melka Shote) under Raya Azebo Agro-ecological Condition.  The experiment consisted of two hot pepper cultivars (Melka Shote and Melka Awaze) and five NPSZn + urea rates and one without fertilizer as a control. The trial was conducted to determine the most profitable rate/s of NPSZn + urea on selected two hot pepper cultivars. Two factor experiment (2*6) was arranged in RCBD with three replications. For the achievement of this objective, marketable red dry pod yield data was collected and analyzed using SAS version 9.3. The highest marketable (2.29 t ha-1) yield was recorded when Melka Shote cultivar was combined with 84.5 NPSZn +136.5 urea kg ha-1. In terms of economic feasibility, application of fertilizer at the rate of 84.5 NPSZn + 136.5 urea kg ha-1 to Melka Shote cultivar was found to be the most profitable, which gave net benefit of 132037 ETB ha-1 and marginal rate of return above the acceptable minimum rate of return (51.63%.). Thus, at Mehoni agricultural research site and for the surrounding farmers in Raya Azebo and other areas which have similar agro-ecological conditions, application of 84.5 NPSZn + 136.5 urea kg ha-1 to Melka Shote cultivar is recommended to obtain maximum economic return. However, to give sound recommendation it is important to repeat the experiment at this location in different season.

Keywords: Cultivars; Net benefit;Melka Awaze; Melka Shote

DOI: 10.7176/DCS/11-4-02

Publication date: April 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-607X ISSN (Online)2225-0565

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