The Impact of Japanese Population in Kupang City Year 1942-1945 for Women

Melki Oktofianus Lalay


Background This research: is to reconstruct (1) the Impact of the Japanese Occupation in Kupang City for women in the social field of 1942-1945, (2) The Role of Women in the social field in Kupang City during the Japanese Occupation of 1942-1945. This research is located in all areas of Kupang. Data Analysis Techniques in this writing were collected through interviews, observations, literature studies, and document studies. The analysis technique used is historical analysis. The results showed (1) the impact of the Japanese occupation in Kupang in 1942-1945 for women in the social field. (2) Impact of Japanese occupation on Kupang City in 1942-1945 for women in the social field. This research method: uses qualitative descriptive research type. Determination of Informants is done by purposive sampling. The person who was made the informant was a person who experienced the events directly during the Japanese occupation in Kupang City in 1942-1945 or people who were considered to have known the events during the Japanese occupation in Kupang City in 1942-1945. Data collection techniques are carried out by interview, observation, literature study, and document study. Data analysis techniques using historical analysis techniques with heuristic steps, verification, interpretation, and historiography Research Results: Show that during the Japanese occupation the daily government was held by Menseibu, which was led by the Japanese navy, the people of Kupang City experienced poverty and hunger, this made Indonesian women especially in Kupang City obliged to work forcefully. The Japanese occupation period in Indonesia in 1942-1945 was a dark period for Indonesian women, especially women in Kupang City when their teenagers were forcibly taken away, their actions were very inhumane, Japan forcibly arrested girls and was taken to brothels. Many young women who experience sexual violence are no exception indigenous women. Indonesian women consider the Japanese occupation a sex predator Conclusion: During the Japanese occupation in Indonesia (1942-1945) was a dark period for Indonesian women. Their teenage years were snatched away by force, they were made Jugun Ianfu (Sex Slaves) of the Japanese royal army to meet the sexual needs of his soldiers. When the Japanese invaded and waged war on other countries, the Japanese army was mentally exhausted. This condition resulted in the Japanese army brutalizing sexual outlet by mass raping which resulted in an outbreak of venereal disease affecting the Japanese army. This certainly weakened the strength of the Japanese imperial army. This situation gave rise to the idea of ​​recruiting local women, and putting them into brothels and making them comfort women (JugunYanfu) to satisfy the Japanese army. During the Japanese occupation the daily administration was held by General Murakami.

Keywords: Japanese Occupation, Impact, Women.

DOI: 10.7176/HRL/52-02

Publication date: December 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3178 ISSN (Online)2225-0964

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