Challenges and loopholes in the implementation and enforcement of international conventions and protocols on the vulnerable groups of human society: Lived experiences of women in conflict situations

Barbra Mapuranga


This conceptual paper examines difficulties in the implementation of international conventions and protocols on women in conflict situations. In recent decades there has been a growing international interest on issues pertaining to women. With a full understanding of the unique impact of the war situation on women the international community has put in place laws to safeguard women’s rights in those situations. Unfortunately there are a number of difficulties in the enforcement and implementation of these international laws. Denying the  existence of the conflict situation, a weak legal framework, patriarchy, gender inequality, impunity, insufficient data and research and other factors will be discussed here as difficulties that counter the  enforcement and implementation of international conventions and protocols on gender and  women’s rights in conflict situations.

Key words: vulnerable groups, challenges, loopholes, conventions, protocols, conflict, women.


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ISSN (Paper)2224-574X ISSN (Online)2224-8951

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