Nigerian Transnational Companies and Economic Development across Sub-Saharan Africa

Obinna U. Muoh, Hero U. Obasuyi, Oge Ikem


In examining how the private sector could be gainfully engaged in economic development of African countries, issues such as corporate social responsibility (CSR) framework, multinational enterprise and livelihood option suffice. These are some key elements of a credible policy package that will promote private sector development and boost intra-African trade. Another vital area that needs to be creatively addressed in the capacitation of African enterprises is access to financial resources, which studies suggest is one of the major constraints to private sector development in Africa. As one of the largest economies in Africa, Nigeria has played a leading role in private sector engagement in economic development. A number of Nigerian transnational companies have extended their operations and maintained active presence in some other Africa countries, particularly Sub-Saharan African countries. In addition to their primary business, they have invested heavily in some human development sectors such as health, workforce development and infrastructure—initiatives which not only benefitted them, but create richer economies and enhance human capital development of the host countries. The study is mainly focused on the capital investments of two Nigerian Transnational Companies— Globalcom, a Telecommunication company and the Dangote Group—a manufacturing and trading firm.  The study uses their operations and investments across Sub-Saharan Africa as case studies of Nigeria’s private firms’ contribution to economic development in Africa. The study will look into published statistical records and other materials to generate information on trade and foreign investment within the study area.

Keywords: Transnational Companies, Economic Development, Africa

DOI: 10.7176/IAGS/83-05

Publication date:June 30th 2020

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