Realism in Donald Trump's Middle East Policy

Barjas Habbas ALkumeet, Rakez AL-Aroud, Hani Mefleh O. Hamdon, Rami Aljbour


This study aims at understanding the realism theory in Trump's Middle East policy which is manifested in his election program for the presidency, his main promises of his election program and his implementation of these promises on the ground. The study uncovered the psychological factors that affected Trump's foreign policy toward the Middle East, and his economic mentality.  One important constituent of Trump's policy is power. He used power to enhance the position of the United States of America in the world and to support its national interests through proposing the principle “America First”. Moreover, Trump emphasizes on the promotion of USA’s cultural values by promoting democratic values and human rights, and activating political participation through transparent democratic elections in all countries of the world. Even though Tramp focuses on these values in his speeches, they are considered secondary because he believes in America's interests. The study found out that Trump's strategy is based on the notion of power. Trump believes that the protection of other countries like the Gulf States is not free, but they have to pay money. He also insisted on restoring the position of the United States internationally by necessary force, especially in the Middle East. Based on these results, the study recommended that the use of excessive force would lead to a decline in USA’s policy and reputation internationally.

Keywords: Middle East ; , Realism “Pay for protection” principle

DOI: 10.7176/IAGS/85-02

Publication date:August 31st 2020

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-574X ISSN (Online)2224-8951

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©