The Urgencies of Collaborative Governance in Strengthening Non-Military Defense

Irwan Firdaus, I Wayan Midhio, Muhammad Nakir


The threat to national security nowadays is not limited to the military domain but has targetted the multi-dimension and multi-actor non-military domain. War definition then shifted from the dominance of the physical battles among military powers variable to non-physical battles among ideologies, politics, economics, and socio-cultural variable. This characteristic of confrontation seems more intensified in the future. Addressing the realities, Indonesia has formulated a formal-legal foundation for non-military defense as a part of the national defense strategy. To implement it well at a practical level, the complexity of non-military defense must meet with collaborative governance. This paper will discuss the urgency of the collaborative governance method in order to strengthen Indonesia's non-military defense. The objective of building a non-military defense is to organize a strong collaboration of governmental institutions for creating a total defense system mainly to encounter non-military threats. Well-integrated collaborative governance is one of the determinant factors on the success of the non-military defense.

Keywords: collaborative governance, non-military defense, non-military threat, strategy

DOI: 10.7176/IAGS/86-05

Publication date:September 30th 2020

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