Implementation of Just in Time Production through Kanban System

Ahmad Naufal Bin Adnan, Ahmed Bin Jaffar, Noriah Binti Yusoff, Nurul Hayati Binti Abdul Halim


Uncertainties brought about by fluctuations in demand and customers’ requirements have led many established companies to improve their manufacturing process by adopting the Kanban system. By doing so, they are able to manufacture and supply the right product, in the right quantity, at the right place and time. Implementation of the Kanban system resulted in reduction of inventory to minimum levels besides increasing flexibility of manufacturing. Successful implementation of the Kanban system furthermore reduces operational costs, consequently increases market competitiveness. The Kanban system is basically an inventory stock control system that triggers production signals for product based on actual customers’ requirements and demand. The system is controlled by the Kanban card which dictates the optimum production parameters. It is used to authorize production of any product to replenish those already consumed by the customer or subsequent process. This study covers pre-requisite activities in establishing a Kanban system, starting from designing Kanban flow, gathering manufacturing data, calculating optimum Kanbans in the systems, establishing pull mechanism and rule and finally evaluating Kanban performance using lean parameter. This paper studied the implementation of the Kanban system at a local auto-component company in Malaysia. The scope of implementation was focused at BLM Cylinder Head Cover assembly process. This paper concludes that implementation of the Kanban system reduced lead time, minimized inventory on floor and optimized storage area. The objective of this study is to show that Kanban system improves a manufacturing system as well as achieving Just In Time practice.

Keywords: Just In Time, Kanban system, Manufacturing lead time reduction

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6096 ISSN (Online)2225-0581

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