Proximate and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of Detarium microcarpum (Sweet Detar) Fruit Pulp

Yusuf Umar, Hauwa Hashim, Zainab Uthman Muhammad


The study was carried out to determine the proximate and quantitative phytochemical analysis of two species of Detarium microcarpum from Kano state, north-western Nigeria. Proximate composition of sample A shows a moisture content of 13.86±0.002, Ash content 3.73±0.030, lipid content 9.40±0.059, crude protein 21.20±0.360, crude fiber 4.52±0.038 and carbohydrate 47.50±1.06, while sample B shows a moisture content of 14.32±0.082, Ash content 2.27±0.360, lipid content 4.72±0.372, crude protein 17.88±0.102, crude fiber 4.46±0.062 and carbohydrate 5.48±0.338. Quantitative phytochemical screening of the fruit A shows 3.16% tannin, 10.73% saponin, 7.27% alkaloid and 8.56% flavonoid for sample while sample B contains 2.39% tannin, 11.2% saponin, 7.41% alkaloid and 7.63% flavonoid. Comparism between the samples shows specie A to be nutritionally rich compared specie B.

Keywords: Detarium microcarpum; Fruit; Proximate; Phytochemical and Pulp.

DOI: 10.7176/JBAH/11-16-04

Publication date:August 31st 2021


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