Determination of Some Agricultural Characteristics and Glucomannan Contents of Some Orchid Species under Southeastern Anatolian Conditions

Kaan Erden, Şeyhmus Arslan


This study, which was conducted to determine the morphological, phenological and agricultural characteristics and active ingredient contents of some salep orchids, was carried out in 3 replications according to the Randomized Blocks trial design under the conditions of the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey between 2015 and 2017. Four wild orchid species were used as materials in the study [Ophrys apifera Huds., Serapias vomeracea (Burm.f.) Briq., Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich., Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase]. In the research, in addition to phenological observations such as sprouting date, flowering date,  flowering period, vegetation period; parameters such as plant height (31.27-33.13 cm), number of leaves (5.40-6.93 number per plant-1), leaf lenght (6.60-13.57 cm), leaf width (1.23-2.23 cm), new tuber number per plant-1 (1.93-2.08 number per plant-1), tuber yield (145-357 kg/da-1),  glucomannan ratio (15.76- 42.74%) were examined. Based on the results of this research, it is not possible to say that these orchid species can be grown economically under field conditions. It is obvious that much more work needs to be done to grow these species under field conditions. In future studies, priority should be given to selection breeding of individuals of the same species collected from different locations.

Keywords: Salep, Orcid, Yield, Tuber, Serapias, Anacamptis, Glucomannan

DOI: 10.7176/JBAH/14-1-02

Publication date: January 31st 2024

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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