Gender and Women Development in Nepal

Shanta Maharjan


Historically and socially, women were backward in going to the school that school was developed for men not for women. From many years, women had a power imbalance that favours men and had lead to discriminatory practices against women. Taking as a second position in the Nepalese society, women are discriminating everywhere. Many challenges are existing about gender inequalities in schools where implementing part is very weak.   With the process of democratization in Nepal, women to some extent have been able to understand their rights, gender equalities, voice their claims against discrimination and demand their rights to equality in life and before the law. However, despite these valiant actions State and non state structures, have largely remained the same sites of oppression. The affirmative policy, provision, laws, programmes, difficulties, challenges and the critical situation of women are discussed in this paper. However, more needs to be done and needs to give more opportunity for girls and base on increasing access to literacy, formal, non formal and quality education for them as well as right and equal participation in right decision making in all level of development areas.

Keywords: Gender, women, discrimination, equal participation, development, decision making

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