Domestic Slavery, Identity Crisis and Peace Building in Igbo land: The Case of Atani Community in Anambra Sate, Nigeria

Ikenna Mike Alumona, Jude Odigbo


Paper Prepared for Presentation at the 19th Annual Africa Conference Organized by the Department of History, University of Texas at Austin. Theme: Identities. March 29- 31, 2019.


An enduring legacy of the Trans Atlantic slave trade in Atani and most other communities along the banks of River Niger in Igbo land was the institution of domestic slavery which is presently a defining feature of these communities. Principally nurtured by different forms of discrimination, the institution of domestic slavery has created a sort of identity crisis in these communities. The profound socio-cultural and political impact of the identity crisis has hindered peace and development in Atani community. This paper is concerned with understanding the identity crisis arising from the institution of domestic slavery and its impact on peace and community development in Atani. The paper argues that identity crisis created through the institution of domestic slavery has continued to undermine peace in Atani. We adopted post-structural approach as a theoretical model. A combination of the documentary method and interviews was used to generate data for this study. Data collected were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis. The paper therefore recommended that ending the prevailing ephemeral peace in Atani requires that governments at all levels, community stakeholders and the traditional rulers should discuss and adopt strategies  directed towards abolishing socio-cultural and traditional practices that are detrimental to peace and development in Atani .

Keywords: Domestic Slavery, Identity, Crisis, Peace-Building.

DOI: 10.7176/JCSD/56-07

Publication date: February 29th 2020


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