Sustainable Land Use Management in Kilimanjaro Region Opportunity for up Scaling Success and Learning from Experience

Mkunda Thomas P


Solid bio fuels are the main source of energy for the majority Tanzanians. The energy consumption pertain is dominated by woodfuel accounting 90% of the population, most of which is consumed by households, Firewood is mostly used in rural areas and charcoal in urban areas for cooking purposes. 8% of the Tanzanians use petroleum product Like Kerosene and LPG, 1% Use Electricity and 1% use other source of energy like Solar Cooker etc

Traditional burning of solid biofuels in open fire place like three stone stoves is common for provision of heat for cooking, warming water, boiling and cooking of food for household use. The use of open fireplace (three stone stoves) result into excessive entrance of air and hence uncontrolled burning process which result into inefficient use of solid bio fuels due to loss of heat. Since late 1980s, there have been efforts to promote Improved Cook Stoves in rural and urban areas of Tanzania by the government in collaboration with other actors like NGOs, and Donors.

Threat of deforestation, land degradation effects to the forest ecosystem has compelled efforts in the past decades to promote efficient use of biomass as well as introducing alternative source of energy. More sophisticated technologies are needed for efficient utilization of such energy for cooking, brewing, boiling and heating.

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©