Review on the Fate of Contaminants in the Niger Delta Environment

Ogunkeyede Akinyemi Olufemi, Nwokolo Ijeoma Jacinta, Ossai Andrew, Igwemoh Uyemhe Rosemary, Paul Akpejeluh


Niger Delta environment had suffered from impacts of waste over the years. The significant wastes in the region are crude oil and municipal wastes. Studies have shown the effect and fate of contaminants in the environment and human life. This paper reviews the impact and fate of contaminants in the Niger Delta environment with the focus on crude oil waste and municipal waste. The substantial quantities of waste generated resulted from unreasonable consumption and production, non-compliance to environmental laws and regulations, migration to urban cities, and sporadic expansion of unregulated industrial operations. These contaminants affect various life forms, natural resources, and increase the rate of global warming. It is of urgent importance for concerted efforts from corporate bodies, government, and individuals to ensure proper implementation of effective, safe management of waste. This review used Niger Delta environmental contaminant analysis and remediation case studies to highlight the fate of organic and inorganic contaminants and their associated adverse effects on the environment. This review contains secondary data from online journal articles, radio, symposium, doctoral thesis, organisations, and websites.

Keywords: Crude oil, Heavy hydrocarbons, Spills, Dumpsite, Pesticides, Fate, contaminants, Toxic, Degradation.

DOI: 10.7176/JEES/10-5-05

Publication date:May 31st 2020

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©