Determinants of Rural Household Source of Energy Consumption in Enderta District, Tigray Region, Ethiopia

Warkaw Legesse Abate


The study was developed with the aim of to understand the rural household energy consumption patterns. To achieve the objectives of the research survey was a method of data collection using appropriate instruments such as structured questionnaire based interview technique. The survey was covered a random sample of 120 household heads selected from three rural villages based on a Probability Proportional to Size (PPS). For quantitative data Probit model and t-test was used to analyze determinants of adoption of improved energy technology using STATA software. Interview results were presented by aggregating the responses. The major finding shows that biomass source of energy are found the main source of energy consumption in the study area used for cooking food and baking injera (Ethiopian bread) while kerosene and dry cells are the main source of energy used for the purpose of lighting by households with no access to modern fuel while electricity is found using for purpose of lighting by households with access to modern fuel. Based on the finding concluded that the consequences of uses of biomass energy sources leads forest degradation, deforestation, and lands degradation all severe environmental problems. To improved the existing energy consumption patterns; rural development planners should encouraging the rural households to plant trees on their own farm land for fuel wood purpose and adoption of improved stove could contribute to reducing burden on biomass moreover different strategies should plan to introduce and disseminate alternative technologies via demonstrations, posters, and radio or TV advertisements is vital.

Keywords: Household, energy, adoption, biomass, cooking

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3232 ISSN (Online)2225-0573

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