Comprehensive Study on Ethiopia Renewable Energy Technology Development and Barriers to Meet Rural Energy Needs

Ashebir Dingeto Hailu


Renewable energy has the potential to play a significant role in providing access to clean and affordable energy services to developing countries' vast populations. Ethiopia, a developing country in Sub-Saharan Africa, has an abundance of renewable energy resources that can meet the ambitions of both urban and rural energy demand. However, these resources are currently underutilized, and approximately 83 percent of the country's rural societies rely entirely on conventional biomass energy sources for cooking and lighting. As a result, this study examines, critically evaluates, and synthesizes the findings of the most recent Ethiopian studies on renewable energy technology, development, and barriers to meeting rural energy demand. In addition, this comprehensive study will update knowledge and information on the development of renewable energy technologies (RETs) to improve rural energy access. Furthermore, it aids in the promotion of RETs and the attraction of local and foreign actors to the development of renewable energy technology for lighting, water pumping, and agricultural development. Finally, the factors influencing a country's adoption of RETs are examined, and pragmatic recommendations are made.

Keywords: Ethiopia, Rural, Renewable energy technology, Small scale

DOI: 10.7176/JETP/11-3-02

Publication date:June 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3232 ISSN (Online)2225-0573

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