The Technology of Climate Adaptive Building Shells (CABS) In Improving Environmental & Economic Efficiency

Lina Qassim Rasheed, Khalid Abdul Wahhab


Designing buildings with high environmental and economic efficiency has recently become very difficult, and the ecological problems of the whole world have become realistic and require radical solutions. As 20 - 60% of the total energy used in buildings is affected in their enclosures design and construction, consider adopting sustainable energy efficiency strategies in their design and construction. In the past, factors such as society, economy, and technology influenced architecture, prompting architects to develop innovative design theories, particularly after the industrial revolution and the devastation it left in the environment, such as pollution and natural resource consumption, as well as the phenomenon of heat islands. In addition, many factors such as society, economy, and technology led to the idea of active adaptive smart buildings emerged as these factors have provided technological advances in electrical control systems, computer engineering, information technology, artificial intelligence, electronic science and materials science, opportunities for the use of motor building systems in architecture and its components.

Therefore, it introduced the concept of active, interactive, moving and adaptive facades instead of the traditional fixed facades, which are characterised by interacting with the surrounding environment through many technologies that improve the economic and internal environment of the building and its efficiency to make the building sustainable. CABS work with the concepts of adaptability, versatility, and evolution. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the research, design and development efforts in the CABS system field. Based on the study of the theoretical framework, a classification is made to place a variety of concepts in one context. Thus, a measurement ruler is reached that includes an essential vocabulary and indicators that can characterise the CABS so that the research can measure its level of effectiveness in the examples selected.

Keywords: adaptive facades, CABS, economic efficiency, environmental efficiency, adaptability, sustainable energy.

DOI: 10.7176/JETP/12-2-06

Publication date: July 30th 2022

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3232 ISSN (Online)2225-0573

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