Extract Basil (Ocimum basilicum) as of Mosquito Aedes Aegypti Repellent

Rahmasari Farindira V


The prevalence of deaths from dengue disease from year to year is always high in Indonesia. Dengue prevention is still considered lack of optimal. The discovery of specific drugs and vaccines still under development. Repellent as one mosquito bite prevention efforts began much developed. In Indonesia, many herbs that can be developed as a repellent that is basil (Ocimum basilicum). This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the repellent power basil leaf extract (Ocimum basilicum) oil phase of the mosquito Aedes aegypti.

This type of research is experimental. The research groups are split into eight groups, six groups treated with basil leaf extract concentration of 100%, 75%, 50%, 25%, 10% and 5%; 1 positive control group (12.5% DEET); and 1 negative control group.

Anova and LSD test results showed that positive control group compare with negative control group were differ significantly (P, 0.05). 100% treatment groups were not significantly different (P> 0.05) than positive control group. The treatment group 75%, 50% and 25% were significantly different (P <0.05) than positive control group and did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) than negative control group. Probit regression lines inclined ramps mean the addition of a relatively large concentration of the extract to induce a low percentage of power repellent.

The extract of basil leaves (Ocimum basilicum) with a very high concentration of 100% effectively used as a repellent that has a low toxicity.

Keywords: Aedes aegypti, repellent, Ocimum basilicum

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