Micronutrients Deficiencies : Awareness Among Mothers

Punarva. S.Kini


Statement of Problem : “A Study To Evaluate The Effectiveness Of Structured Teaching Programme On Micronutrients Deficiencies of Under five Children Among Mothers In Selected Rural Areas, Bangalore”Background and Objective: Micronutrients enables the body to produce enzymes, hormones and other substances. As tiny as the amounts are, however, the consequences of their deficiencies are severe. Awareness about this disease can lead to early detection and thereby decrease the morbidity and mortality. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge of mothers on Micronutrient deficiencies of Under five children before structured teaching programme and thereafter to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching programme. Materials and Methods : In a Quazi experimental study, 80 mothers were interviewed regarding their awareness about occurrence of micronutrients deficiencies among under five children using self designed and validated  questionnaire. A set of questions aiming to assess the levels of awareness of mothers regarding Micronutrients deficiencies (Iron deficiency Anemia, Childhood Blindness, Cretinism) Preventive aspects and Dietary allowances for under five children. Nutritional programmes supported by government. Results: This study presented demographic data about levels of awareness about disease that is increasing in under five population in India. The results showed that 68(85 percent) mothers had adequate knowledge and 12(15 percent) had moderately adequate knowledge. Conclusion: Micronutrients deficiencies awareness is low among underfive mothers in a rural areas of Bangalore. it is important to create public  awareness and have wholehearted participation of the people and healthcare personal. In spite of many educational programmes targeting the vulnerable group of population such as  mother and child, the health scenario of our country is far below from satisfactory.

Keywords : Micronutrients deficiencies, awareness, underfive children.

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