Predictors of Length of Hospital Stay among Burns Patients in Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala- Uganda

Richard Odoch, Christine Atuhairwe, Dina Amogin, Lony Titus, Elly Agaba, Evelyn Nabankema


Background: According to WHO (2014), burn injuries are a major problem to health care worldwide. Ninety five per cent of all burn cases occur in LMICs leading to prolonged and expensive hospital stays (WHO, 2009). In Uganda, burn injuries account for 11% of all childhood injuries (Nakitto & Lett, 2010). Burns Unit at Mulago National Referral Hospital is the only specialized burns care unit in the country. However, it was observed that patients in this unit spends unusually longer time in admission than the WHO (2015) recommended time. Thus the objective of this study was to determine the predictors of length of hospital stay among burn patients in Mulago National Referral Hospital Kampala, Burns Care Unit from July, 2014 to June, 2015.Methods: A retrospective study design was used by reviewing medical records of patients discharged from the Burns Care Unit from July, 2014 to June, 2015. Results: More than half (57.1%) of the patients in the study were male with children 5 years and below constituting 55.2%. The majority of patients (86.2%) got burnt at home. The average length of stay for patients was 24.3 days (±22.1 days). The degree/ depth of burns (OR=44.22, 95% CI =10.86-180.08, P=0.000) was the single most significant predictor of length of stay of patients with burns at multivariate analysis level.

Keywords: Burns, length of stay, predictors

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