Changing the Landscape of Nutrition Programmes in Nigeria Using Precede-Proceed Model (PPM) and Trans-theoretical Model (TTM): A Shift to Change-Theory Approaches

David Akpan


There are empirical evidences that informed the cause and effect of malnutrition in Northern Nigeria. Addressing malnutrition in Northern Nigeria will require a shift from theories to resolving social-determinants. A desk research review was conducted on several nutrition-focus and/or sensitive programmes to examine its level of contributive change to resolving malnutrition in Nigeria. Findings reveals that nutrition programmes proposed and implemented in Nigeria have been largely focused on promoting health education than addressing socioeconomic and environmental characteristics. This paper focuses on critical analysis of empirical evidence of malnutrition in pregnancy and children, and proposes models towards addressing it.

Keywords: Malnutrition, socio-economic determinants, Precede and Proceed Model and Trans-Theoretical Model

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