Factors Related to the Retensio Placenta in Emergency Installation at Hospital Regional Midwifery Madanai Palu

Yulianus Sudarman, Olkamien J. Longulo


Based on a survey study of three hospitals in the city of Palu that is Madani hospital, Undata and Anutapura hospitals, it can be concluded that RSD Madani has the highest number of retensio placenta and rest of placenta from 2013-2015. The purpose of this study is to know factors related to incidence of retensio placenta, such as age, parity, history of curettage, spacing pregnancies, the frequency of antenatal care.This type of research is an analytic study with case control approach to the entire population of mothers who recorded in the register book in January - December 2015 as many as 296 people, with a sample of 132 samples consisting of 44 sample cases and 88 control samples without matching.Analysis data was using Chi-Square test with an error rate of 5%, and to see the great risk of retensio placenta used Odds Ratio analysis (OR). Based on the statistical test result are: age (OR = 3.383, P Value = 0.002), parity (OR = 2.700, P Value = 0.039), history of curettage (OR = 3.857, P Value = 0.015), spacing pregnancies (OR = 3.024, P Value = 0.006), frequency of ANC (OR = 1.217, P Value = 0.748).Age, parity, history of curettage, and spacing pregnancies associated with the incidence of retensio placenta and is a risk factor for the incidence of retensio placenta. ANC frequency is not related to the incidence of retensio placenta. For health workers would be able to help reduce the risk factors that can cause pregnancy complications or  delivery by giving CIE on delay the age of marriage before age, spacing pregnancies and the ideal number to have a child, and encourage couples of childbearing age to use birth control.

Keyword: Age, parity, history of curettage, Distance Pregnancy, Frequency ANC and retensio placenta.


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