Insecticide Treated Bed Nets Utilization among Pregnant Mothers and Associated Factors in Damot Pulasa District, Southern Ethiopia

Amanuel Ayza Shonga


Background: Pregnant mothers are at considerable risk of malarial infection in Ethiopia. The distribution and proper utilization of insecticide treated bed nets is one of the effective interventions for preventing the death of pregnant mothers. There has been an increase in availability of insecticide treated bed nets; however, its utilization among pregnant mothers was unsatisfactory. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Damot Pulasa district, Southern Ethiopia, in January 2016. Pregnant mothers (n ꞊ 630) were the study population. A multistage sampling technique was used. Villages were randomly selected and a systematic random sampling method was used to select study participants. Data was entered into EPI Info version 3.5.4 and exported into SPSS version 20.0 for analysis. Binary logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with the outcome variable, and finally multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify independent predictors of the outcome, with statistical significance set at p<0.050 (95% confidence interval (CI)).

Results: 72.5% (445) at 95% CI (72.1% - 73.6%) pregnant mothers slept under ITN the previous night before data collection. Maternal Education (AOR: 0.3; 95% CI: 0.2 - 0.5), maternal knowledge on malaria (AOR=6.9; 95% CI= 3.8 - 12.8) and ITN condition (AOR=9.3; 95% CI= 5.2 - 16.2) were independent predicators of ITNs utilization by pregnant women. Conclusion: utilization of ITN by pregnant mothers is lower in the study area. Emphasis should be given by policy makers and program planners to reduce maternal death by follow of proper and safe utilization of insecticide treated bed nets by pregnant mothers. Enhancing the decision-making power of pregnant mothers through education and advocacy has a significant impact on improving safe and proper utilization of insecticide treated bed nets.

Keywords: Pregnant mothers, Malaria, Insecticide Treated Bed Nets, Southern Ethiopia


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