Diabetes Mellitus Risk Assessment Among Egyptians Versus Saudi Arabians Nursing Employees: Comparative Study

Hassnaa Eid Shaban Mosa, Ayat Masoud Omar, Shahenda Ateyat Allah Salih, Eman Fawzy El Azab


Purpose: Diabetes mellitus is the uppermost vital public health challenges in the world. More than 150 million adults are affected and the total number is predicted to double in the next 25 years. The present study aiming to assess the diabetes mellitus risk among Egyptians versus Saudi Arabian's nursing employees. Methods: A convenient sample of 150 employees from each country were collected. The study was conducted at faculties of Nursing at Menoufia University, Egypt and Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudia Arabia. Two tools were utilized for data collection, self-administered questionnaire and self-risk assessment screening score. Results: Both groups had a good total knowledge score (74% of Egyptians vs. 58% of Saudi Arabians) with a statistically significant difference. More than half of Egyptians had negative attitude compared to nearly half of Saudi Arabians who had a positive attitude. Nearly two-thirds of Egyptians had good practice vs. 44% of Saudi Arabians who had a bad practice. More than two-thirds of Egyptians vs. more than three-fourths of Saudi Arabians were scored high risk for diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: Based on the findings, there were statistically significant differences among Egyptians versus Saudi Arabian's nursing employees in total knowledge, practice and attitude scores of diabetes mellitus. Total risk assessment screening score of diabetes mellitus has shown a statistically significant difference between both groups. Recommendations: Large-scale awareness programs should be implemented after identifying the appropriate means to spread the message to the common population about all aspects of diabetes.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Knowledge, Practices, Attitude, Risk assessment.

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/59-04

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email: JHMN@iiste.org

ISSN 2422-8419

Please add our address "contact@iiste.org" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright © www.iiste.org