How Patients and Nurses defined Advocacy in Nursing? A Review of the Literature

Elsa Vitale, Francesco Germini, Michele Massaro, Rosa Silvia Fortunato


Objectives: Advocacy is an important aspect in current professional nursing care and it is a relatively new role for nursing, emerged in the United States in 1980s. This article aimed to explore the basis of advocacy concept viewed by both nurses and patients.Design: A computerized search in PubMed, Medline, Embase databases was conducted to highlight the relevance of nursing advocacy by nurses and patients. This review included qualitative studies which explained better advocacy concept in nursing practice and analyzed the concept of nursing advocacy. Data sources: Fifteen articles were found. Of these, only six met all the requirements of the inclusion criteria Review methods: Articles were compared by considering for each paper the purpose, the design, the methodology, the finding, in order to define advocacy concept by both patients and nurses.Results: Six articles were found, which were published between 1996 and 2018.Conclusions: It was found that the concept and the practice of the nursing advocacy was still enshrouded in confusion, conflict and change.

Keywords: Advocacy; Nursing Advocacy; Literature Review; Patient Advocacy.

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/63-08

Publication date:June 30th 2019

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