Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome and Its Effects Among Regular Female Students in Ambo University, West Shoa, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, 2019

Takele Tiki


Back ground - Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), also known as premenstrual tension is defined as a complex of emotional, physical and behavioral symptoms that start at the last week of a woman’s reproductive cycle and end with the onset of menstruation.Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of Premenstrual syndrome and its effects among regular female students in Ambo University, west shoa, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia, 2019.Method: Institutional based a descriptive cross sectional study was conducted from January 1_20, 2019. All regular female students in Ambo University. The sample size was determined using single population proportion formula and 288 study subjects were selected. The study subject was selected using systematic random sampling. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.Results:  Of the 288 regular female students, all responded to the questions 100%. The results of the study show that the prevalence of PMS was found to be 51(18%).Out of the regular female students diagnosed with PMS, 75% had stopped studying and class missing was reported by 40% of the students. Conclusion and Recommendation: The study concludes among 288 chosen samples regarding the prevalence of PMS among regular female students in Ambo University main campus and effects related to PMS. Although a full grasp of the concept of PMS in Ambo University has not been covered, this study revealed that Ambo university regular female  students have symptoms similar to other area in Ethiopia and some report so severe symptoms that they interfere with daily functioning.  Therefore, awareness about PMS appropriate medical treatment and psychotherapy services should be provided to affected female students.

Keywords: Premenstrual Syndrome, regular Female students, Ambo University, Central Ethiopia.

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/65-02

Publication date: August 31st 2019

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