Effectiveness of health education on knowledge and practice of food hygiene among women in the rural community.

Muhammad Faisal Munir, Muhammad Afzal, Iram Majeed, Muhammad Hussain, Kausar Parveen, Syed Amir Gilani

Abstract


Introduction: Food is a vital need for a human being it's a source that provides important ingredients for body growth. According to the European Food Safety Authority food composition affecting 69553 individuals, with the domestic kitchen as a second-most typically reported setting for food contamination. Food handlers (women) play an important role in the incidences of food spoilage. By health education knowledge of food, hygiene can be improved. Methods: Quasi-experimental study design was used in this study by using pre and post-test phase, conducted among women in rural community Ali Raza Abad Lahore, to determine the effectiveness of health education on knowledge and practice of food hygiene in women. The sample size was 60 that calculated by using convenient sampling technique in which those participants selected who were conveniently available to participate in the study. SPSS version 21 statistical software was used for data analysis at 95% of confidence interval and P-value was 0.05 Results: Results showed that the total mean of knowledge before intervention is 15.75 but after intervention, the total mean of knowledge was 27.93 similarly the total mean of practice before the intervention was 16.23 but after interventions mean of practice was 34.95 that showed the significant increase in knowledge and practice of women regarding food hygiene. Conclusions: This study described the effectiveness of health education for knowledge and practice of food hygiene among women in the rural community. The mean knowledge and practice score on food hygiene increased significantly after health education.

Keywords- Effectiveness. Health education. Food hygiene. Knowledge. Practice.

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/66-09

Publication date:September 30th 2019


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