Modeling Deficiency of Hemoglobin Severity Among Children in Ethiopia

Ayele Gebeyehu Chernet


Background: Anemia is a public health problem that affects populations worldwide.  Anemia in children is a recognized public health problem that impacts adversely on child morbidity, mortality and impairs cognitive development. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of mild, moderate and severe anaemia, and the associated factors among children under-five years in EthiopiaMethod: The  data was obtained from 2016  Ethiopia  Demographic  and  Health  Survey  which is  the  fourth survey. The sample was selected using a stratified; two-stage cluster sampling design and the data was analyzed using Partial Proportional Odds model. Results: From 4684 sample of children half of the children (54%) have moderate anemic status  while  39.4%  and  6.6%  of  them have mild  and  severe  anemic  status  respectively. The highest prevalence  of  anemia  among  children  observed  in  Somali (17.8%) and  the  lowest  percentage that was recorded in Addis Ababa (3.1%). Conclusion: The female children, rural children, children from poor family, and having low weight are related to the severity of anemia.

Keywords: Anaemia, under five children, Partial proportional odds model, Ethiopia

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/68-01

Publication date: November 30th 2019

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